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A machine-woven carpet where an enormous variety of colors are used to produce colorful patterns.
A strip sewn over a carpet edge for protection against unraveling. Carpet is bound to form rugs.
A term originally used to denote carpet produced in widths wider than six feet. Today carpet comes in 6-foot, 12-foot, and 15-foot widths.
A carpet or rug in which a raised pattern or engraved effect is formed using heavy twisted yarn tufts on a ground of straight fibers.
Fabrics or yarns forming the back of the carpet as opposed to the carpet pile or face. In tufted carpets, there are two backings: a primary backing into which the pile yarn is inserted and a secondary fabric backing laminated to the back of the carpet for reinforcement and dimensional stability.
A variety of materials placed under carpet to provide softness and longer wear when it is walked on. In some cases, the carpet cushion is attached to the carpet when it is manufactured. Terms also used: lining, padding, or underlay.
Fibers that form the upper surface of carpet.
Loose laid or self-adhesive backed “tiles” of carpet.
Made from clay or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is finished by kiln firing. Made in many shapes and sizes, it is glazed or unglazed. For floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar type mixture.
One of the earliest of modern resilient floor coverings, the flooring is made from the bark of cork oak trees, a replenishable material. Cork flooring is available in tiles and sheets. Varieties of natural unfinished cork, waxed cork, resin-reinforced waxed and vinyl impregnated cork come in many colors including natural shades.
A multi-level loop carpet, where the taller loops are sheared. The resulting uncut loops and sheared top loops create a sculptured pattern. The texture and often subtle, variegated colorings help hide soil and traffic wear.
The face of a carpet where the surface is composed of cut ends of yarn.
Flat Weave rugs and carpets are flat woven items traditional to India, made of cotton or silk. They are noted for soft colorations and varied patterns.
(Pronounced “free-zay”) A tightly twisted yarn is used to give a rough, nubby appearance to carpet pile. Frieze carpets may be loop or cut styles.
Rugs made by pulling yarns or fabric strips through a mesh backing. Many are designed in various colors to create a scene or design.
Kilim or Kelim
A flat, woven rug, usually reversible.
Level Loop Carpet
Carpet style having a surface made up of uncut loops.
Luxury Vinyl Tile
Luxury vinyl tile is exceptionally enduring and is available in a limitless selection of artistic designs and designs inspired by nature, such as stone, marble and wood. The durable construction of luxury vinyl tile includes a protective wear layer which resists scuffs, tears, gouges, rips and scratches. Additionally, luxury vinyl tile is affordable, durable, resilient, resistant to water, and can be installed virtually anywhere in your home. Suitable for both residential and commercial applications.
Limestone flooring known for its elegant appearance created by polishing its very hard surface. Now available in tiles.
Patterned or Printed Carpet
The upright ends of yarn, whether cut or looped, that form the wearing surface of carpets or rugs. Sometimes called the face or nap of the carpet.
Wood flooring made of long boards more than 3 inches wide.
A smooth, dense, cut pile carpet in which individual tufts are only minimally visible, and the overall visual effect is a single level of fiber ends.
Glazed or unglazed ceramic tile made using an extrusion process. An example is the terra-cotta squares used in the Southwest.
Carpet made or cut and bound into room dimensions and loose laid.
Cut-pile carpet in a relatively dense construction, with well-defined individual tuft tips. Smoother finished saxonies are called “plushes”.
Solid Vinyl Flooring
This smooth-surfaced plastic floor is a mixture of vinyl resins, plasticizer, fillers, and stabilizers with color added throughout the product. Produced in either square tiles or sheet goods.
Vinyl Composition Tile
These floor tiles are made from vinyl resins and filler materials to create resilient flooring in assorted colors and patterns.
Looms interlace warp (lengthwise) and filling (widthwise) yarns to create a sturdy textile for the floor. Much woven carpet is produced in intricate, colorful patterns. Types of woven carpet include Axminster and Wilton.
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